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Delhi Sustainable Development Summit 2002
Ensuring sustainable livelihoods:

challenges for governments, corporates, and civil society at Rio+10
8 - 11 February 2002, New Delhi

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    9 February 2002: Lunch session

Real video

Mr Prabir Sengupta
Former Secretary, Ministry Commerce and Industry, Government of India

"Role of NGOs is of utmost importance in understanding sustainability issues."




Real video

Mr Mohan Dharia
Former Cabinet Minister and President, Vanarai Trust, India

"Do we want industrialization where we have mass production under one roof or mass production by masses."


Session summary    


Mr Mohan Dharia narrated his experiences on achieving sustainable livelihoods at the grass-roots level and underlined the importance of NGO initiatives. Development should be coupled with social justice with due concern for the environment. Instead of focusing on construction of megacities and high-rise buildings, efforts should be made to decentralize cities by making provisions for curtailing population growth, avoiding traffic congestion, ensuring adequate water supply, and efficiently collecting municipal garbage.

Villages should be made self-reliant to stop exodus of people to urban areas. Measures to ensure a higher quality of life in villages include health and nutrition, family planning, sanitation, provision of biogas plants, and tree plantation. Education is the foremost priority. There is also a need to inculcate discipline into democracy. This principle must follow through at every level of decision making to bring about change in the mindsets of people and policy-makers

India’s strength lies in its natural resources. Effective land usage, creation of water reservoirs, increased agricultural yield, cattle productivity, watershed management, crop rotation, etc. have become the needs of the hour.

Despite ample funds being sanctioned by the government, effective coordination, proper management, and active involvement of people have been lacking. He concluded by saying that what is needed today is not only deliberations but determined action.