DSDS 2002: Plenary session 4, 10 February 2002Managing natural resources
for society: welfare and health implications
Institute for Sustainable Development, Canada
MMSD Principles of
The Basis of
Those involved in an MMSD activity
do so with the assurance that the Project is committed to providing the opportunity for
participants to interact, with these expectations:
- MMSD provides an opportunity for people both to inform each
other within the context of a project which seeks to describe the global mineral cycle,
and also to offer advice and guidance to the Project.
- We hope to identify and understand the diversity of
perspectives, values and interests that can help build the foundation for positive change.
Views have to be freely expressed and the risks of such expression reduced. This is a
forum in which individuals or groups can investigate ideas.
- There is a need for a place where views can be exchanged
frankly and openly. MMSD has no authority to impose solutions on anyone.
- The Project should strive to identify where it can best help
to guide the flow of discussion. The objective should be to help develop areas of common
ground, understand where differences exist, and the underlying reasons for them.
- Wherever possible, we should widen the networks of
connections and identify ways of addressing challenges, within and beyond the life of the
- Participating in, or contributing to workshops or other
events, commenting on documents produced, suggesting participants for meetings, and other
interactions with the Project are not and will not be portrayed as an endorsement of MMSD.
These basic understandings on the basis of participation will be included in any meeting
reports prepared by MMSD. It is important that the basis for participation be widely
- Notes or minutes prepared by MMSD will report important
comments and points of view but will not attribute them to specific participants unless
this is requested by the person making the statement. Exchange of ideas is freer when
unknown consequences can be minimised.
- The notes from workshops should be reviewed by a
representative group of attendees, agreed at the meeting, prior to finalisation. Notes
will typically be of a summary nature and will include a list of participants. There
should be an opportunity to discuss the contents of the notes and ensure that everyone is
comfortable with them prior to their wider circulation.
- There should be an opportunity to discuss this Basis for
Participation at the outset of any activity to ensure that participants are comfortable
with it and that it is appropriate for the purpose. It is in no way a constraint on the
participants to develop further or additional understandings as are appropriate in the
MMSD recognizes an affirmative
responsibility to ensure that this Basis for Participation is as widely known as possible
within and among the different communities with which the Project is involved.
The Mining, Minerals and Sustainable
Development Project (MMSD)
MMSD is an independent two-year project
of participatory analysis seeking to understand how the mining and minerals sector can
contribute to the global transition to sustainable development. MMSD is a project of the
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) commissioned by the World
Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) on behalf of the Global Mining
The Project is seeking the participation of
groups and individuals involved in the minerals sector through workshops, interviews,
surveys, information sessions and other outreach activities. These actors
include local communities, consumers, suppliers, governments, labour organisations,
indigenous groups, NGOs, consultants, international organisations and financial
institutions, amongst others.
The central product of MMSD will be the
Projects Final Report scheduled for May 2002. A draft report will be available in
March 2002. At the base level, the Report will concern itself with the spectrum of issues
which form the sustainable development agenda in this sector. These range from energy use
to human rights to water quality to local economic problems. The current version of this
list is the result of a continuous process of consultation, which started with the Project
Scoping Report in mid-1999, and is still ongoing.
These issues have been clustered in a
manageable number of groups so that they can be made the focus of individual research
projects or consultations. These "issue clusters" have been grouped into eight
focus areas or key challenges and will be the building blocks of the study.
The analysis of these questions through research and participatory activities
are expected to provide a clearer idea of what sustainable development should mean
in the context of the minerals sector, and what mechanisms could be implemented to ensure
more sustainable outcomes for the sector.
MMSD is working through a network of MMSD
Regional Partners currently developing activities in Australia, Latin America, North
America and Southern Africa. The Regional Partners will also contribute substantively to
the Project Report through Regional Reports and specific insights on how certain issues
affect their particular regions. In addition, MMSD hopes that these regional activities
may encourage the formation of regional networks capable of implementing the Report's
findings in the future.
The Projects structure was
established as follows:
- The Work Group is responsible for executing MMSD at a
global level and coordinating regional activities. It is headquartered at the
International Institute for Environment and Development in London.
- The Assurance Group is an independent international
panel of 25 individuals representing a wide range of expertise in the field of mining and
minerals from key stakeholder groups. They offer advice and guidance to the Work Group by
way of peer review.
- The Sponsor Group, convened by the World Business
Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), represents those organizations supporting and
financing the Project. Its members represent 30 of the worlds largest mining
companies as well as a variety of government and international institutions and
The Project Coordinator works on behalf of the World
Business Council for Sustainable Development and facilitates communication and
coordination among these three groups.
Eight Challenges and Opportunities Facing the Mining and
Minerals Sector in their Contribution to the Transition to Sustainable Development (Working
The following provides a brief outline of
the eight challenges facing the mining and minerals sector on which the MMSD report will
- Can the Sector Move Towards a More Viable Structure That
Will Contribute More Effectively to Sustainable Development?
This discussion will focus on the
internal structure of the industry, the forces that shape it and whether it is capable
in its current form of maximising the industrys role in the transition
to sustainable development. It will look at the principal external and internal forces
expected to change the context in which the minerals industries operate over the next 25
years and the actions that could be taken in a transformed setting.
Can the Minerals Sector Support the Development of National Economies, Especially in the
This topic will look at how mineral
wealth can best be managed to strengthen developing countries national economies in
the long-term. The tension between the desire to create "investor-friendly"
conditions of investment, and the desire to ensure that the host country benefits from
this investment will be the focus. Macro-economic issues, minerals price volatility and
the capacity needed to ensure effective policy design and implementation will also be
included in this analysis.
- How Can the Sector Best
Contribute to Sustained Improvements in Livelihoods and Well-being at the Community Level?
This section will aim to provide an
overview of impacts both positive and negative of the mining life cycle at
the community level, including their influence on livelihoods, social systems, cultures
and health, and the boundaries of responsibility of industry, local and national
governments. Artisanal and small-scale mining and company-community relations will be
examined as well.
Can the Minerals Industries Become Leaders in Environmental Management?
This topic will look at the way in
which the industry conducts its operations from the perspective of environmental
management and will concentrate on where progress can be achieved. Recommendations on the
management of large volume waste, dealing with abandoned mines remediation and mine
closure policy will be developed.
- What are the Ground Rules for Land: its Management, Access, Control
As world population grows so does the
demand for land. Some of its uses, including conservation of bio-diversity, recreation,
farming and watershed, can be seen as contradictory to minerals development. This
discussion will focus on the mechanisms for adopting the principle of subsidiarity in
situations involving land and mining activities as well as best practice legal regimes,
with the aim of establishing the basis of minimum useable criteria for land access. Case
studies of land rights and tenure for industry, the state and individuals, and a review of
compensation regimes will also be included.
Can We Ensure that Future Markets and Consumption Patterns are Compatible with a
This topic will deal with new models of
how to produce, process, use, recycle and dispose of metals and minerals. It will look at
current patterns of metals consumption through minerals life cycle analyses and case
studies of base metals, gold and diamonds. Possible industry certification schemes
responding to consumer concerns will be examined. Trade and market access issues will also
be analysed in this context.
- How Can We Ensure Meaningful Access To Information For All
Building a shared understanding of the
role of information in creating a solid basis for sustainable development is needed. This
section will seek to shed light on how the generation of information and the process by
which it is communicated play a role in building or undermining trust and the ability to
negotiate effectively in the sector.
Should Be the Administrative Relationships, Role, Responsibilities and Performance
Standards of the Key Actors in a More Sustainable Future?
This section will examine the
implementation mechanisms available, describe their purposes and look at the extent they
are used and are appropriate at different levels in the sector. Implementation mechanisms
are divided into three categories: norms and instruments, processes, and institutional
responses. This categorisation can be used to examine each of these challenges integrating
their potential for implementation throughout.
HOW TO CONTACT MMSD
For more information about MMSD, visit www.iied.org/mmsd or write to firstname.lastname@example.org
MMSD Regional Partners Contacts:
In Southern Africa: Marie Hoadley, Hoadley@egoli.min.wits.ac.za
In Australia: Bren Sheehy, email@example.com
In North America: Anthony Hodge, firstname.lastname@example.org
In South America: Hernan Blanco, email@example.com, or Cristina Echavarría, firstname.lastname@example.org
For activities in other regions, contact email@example.com.
MMSD Assurance Group Members
Jacqueline Aloisi de
Director of the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics of the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP). Aloisi de Lardarel has been particularly active in promoting
environmental management tools and the Cleaner Production concept to prevent
pollution and minimise the use of natural resources.
Independent biological consultant working primarily on Tribal lands. Former Project Leader
for the US Fish and Wildlife Service on the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming.
Executive Director, Global Sustainability at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology
Cederstav is staff scientist with the Inter-American Association for the Defence of the
Environment (AIDA). AIDA, based in San Francisco, is a legal advocacy group working to
promote the ability of citizens to protect their health and environment through
development and enforcement of domestic and international environmental law.
Chair, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Micks
most direct contribution has been in the elaboration of International standards for
Indigenous rights through crafting of the text, of the Draft Declaration on the Rights
of Indigenous Peoples.
Dyikhanova is currently the National Manager for the World Banks Community and
Business Forum, whose mission is to develop effective cross-sectoral collaboration between
business and communities and to further encourage sustainable social, economic and
environmental benefits in Kyrgyzstan.
Filer is Head of the Social and Environmental Studies Division of the Papua New Guinea
National Research Institute since 1994, and part-time fellow in the Department of
Anthropology and Resource Managements Asia Pacific Project at the Research School of
Pacific and Asian Studies of the Australian National University.
Formerly Vice President of Sustainable Development for Placer Dome Inc., Canada. Currently
a private consultant providing guidance and advice in the strategic application of
sustainable business practices. Fraser is former Chair of the Mining Association of
British Columbia, Canada.
Head of health, safety and environmental affairs at the ICEM which represents over 20
million workers world-wide employed in the energy, mining, chemicals and bioscience, pulp
and paper, rubber, glass, ceramics and cement sectors. Involved in direct
discussions/negotiations with a number of multinational corporations and industry
associations with a view to elaborating global standards and best practices in this field.
Holden is Managing Director and Global Head of Mining and Metals, Barclays Capital,
London. Responsible for a US$7 billion portfolio, he heads a global team located in
London, New York and Sydney.
Kaingu is chair of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Women in
Mining Trust, a non-governmental organisation that facilitates networking and training
among women involved in various aspects of mining. Kaingu has herself been involved in all
stages of amethyst and aquamarine mining, production and marketing since 1992.
Antonio La Viña
Director of the Biological Resources Program of the World Resources Institute and
originally Under-secretary for Legal and Legislative Affairs, department of environment
and natural resources in the Philippines. La Viña is an Associate Professor on leave of
the College of Law, University of The Philippines.
Immediate past Secretary of Mining of Argentina. Independent consultant on geology, mining
and public administration.
A widely published author, Miller is Director of the Graduate Program in Environmental
Sciences and Health at the University of Nevada.
Elected in 1997 to Chairperson of the South African Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on
Minerals and Energy. Nkosi is also on the board of the Minerals and Energy Policy Center
(MEPC). Nkosi has held leadership positions in the trade union movement and the African
National Congress (ANC).
Maria Ligia Noronha
A widely published economist, Noronha is a Fellow of the Policy Analysis Division of the
Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI), Goa, India.
Executive Director of the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law (SPDA) since 1994
specializing in environmental policy development, working often as a consultant for
national and international organizations in Peru and throughout Latin America.
Executive Director of Conservation International, Madagascar, and has held several
public sector posts. Rajaobelina has majored in public finance, focusing on macro-economic
policy and was formerly Director-general of Economy of the Ministry of Economy and Finance
(1972-73). Rajaobelina has also been appointed to the International Monetary Fund and was
Ambassador of Madagascar to the US.
Executive Director of Friends of the Earth (FOE), London, UK, since 1993. Secrett has also
been a member of the UK Round Table on Sustainable Development since its inception in
John Stewart has been with the Chamber of Mines of South Africa since 1973. He is
currently concerned with policy and advocacy work on behalf of Chamber members. Stewart
has represented the South African mining industry in many national and international
Professor of Economics and Director of the Centre for Public Policy Analysis, University
of Chile. Sunkel has acted as a special advisor to the Executive Secretary of the UN
Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, and President CINDE, a development and
McPhail has spent 20 years as a program manager with The World Bank with involvement
in some 30 countries. McPhail now resides in Washington, DC, and has developed various
World Bank policies on sustainable development, including a Quality and Assurance
Senior Researcher at the Social Science Research Center, Berlin, Germany, Weidner is the
author of several publications on environmental policy and dispute resolution.
Chairman Emeritus of Phelps Dodge Corporation, Yearley has a Bachelor Degree in
metallurgical engineering and now serves on the board of several prestigious
President of the National Union of Mines of South Africa.
MMSDs Sponsor Group Members
Mitsubishi Materials/ Mitsubishi Corporation
Mitsui Mining and Smelting
Nippon Mining & Metals
Norsk Hydro ASA
Sibirsky Aluminium Group
Sumitomo Metal Mining
Chilean Copper Commission
Colorado School of Mines
DFID, government of UK
Global Reporting Initiative Government of Australia
Government of Canada
Government of South Africa
IUCN - The World Conservation Union
Mackay School of Mines
The Rockefeller Foundation
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
The World Bank Group
MMSD Global Events
- Strategic Planning Workshop, London, May 2000
- Preparing for Implementation, Geneva, June 2000
- The Role of Financial Institutions in Sustainable
Development: The Case of Mining, Washington DC, January 2001
- Small-Scale Mining, Santiago, January 2001
- Global Finance Dialogue, Washington DC, 9 April 2001
- Long-run Minerals Availability Experts Workshop,
Washington DC, 22-23 April 2001
- Public Participation Conference, Woodstock, Vermont, 25-27
- Biodiversity Informal Experts Workshop, London, 11-12
- Large Volume Waste Workshop, Vancouver, 14-18 July 2001
- Voluntary Initiatives Workshop, Santa Fe, 18 July 2001
- Armed Conflict and the Minerals Sector Experts Meeting,
11 July 2001
- Life Cycle Analysis Workshop, New York, 9-10 August 2001
- Managing Mineral Wealth Workshop, London, 15-17 August 2001
- Human Rights Experts Workshop, Berlin, 6 September
- Corruption Experts Workshop, Berlin, 7 September 2001
- Health and Safety Informal Experts Meeting, London, 10
- Preparatory Meeting with Indigenous People, Quito, 27-28
- Corporate Citizenship Conference, London, 15-16 October 2001
- Biodiversity Workshop, London, 25-26 October 2001
- Small-Scale Mining Researchers Meeting, London, 19-20
- Global Information Dialogue, Vancouver, 29-30 November 2001
- Global Finance Dialogue, Paris,14-15 January 2002
- Indigenous Peoples and the Mining Sector, Perth, 4-6
MMSD Regional Partners have also been
holding workshops at the regional level. For more information see www.iied.org/mmsd.